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What are the Colours? How they are helpful for us?
The colour of an object helps us in identifying its nature and significance. It gives us the ability to differentiate things of a similar category, for example, the green of Banana leaf is different from the green of a Papaya leaf. Similarly, the red colour of an Apple is different from the red colour of a Strawberry.
Also, colour is that quality of an object that attracts us towards it. You can find all kind and a different shade of these kinds on a colour wheel. Now you must be wondering what is this colour wheel? Hold on I’ll explain all about it.
The Color Wheel
To help us understand the basics of color theory, we need a color wheel. Color Wheel is a visual aid in helping us understand the principles of color and the color theory.
The color wheel is divided into three categories: Primary, Secondary (or Intermediate), and Tertiary.
- Primary: the three primary colors are: red, yellow and blue. These colors are considered to be foundation colors because they are used to create all other colors.
- Secondary (or Intermediate): by combining two of the primary colors, three secondary colors are formed. For example, when you mix red with yellow, you will get an orange color. The Secondary colors are: orange, green and violet.
- Tertiary: the six tertiary colors are made by combining a primary and an adjacent secondary color. These colors are: yellow – orange, orange – red, red – violet, violet – blue, blue – green, and green – yellow.
#2. GREEN EYELINER AND PINK BLUSH
For a pop of color, use a green eyeliner pencil to line your lower lash line. Refer to the color wheel, and you’ll see that sweeping pink blush across your cheeks is the perfect complementary accent.
Types of Colours
Depending on the intensity and warmth, colours can be divided into several groups. Let us study about each in detail.
Based on the intensity colours can be divided into 3 categories:
- Primary Colours- Red, Blue and Yellow are the three primary colours. Primary colours are those by using which we can make colours of different shades. This can be done by mixing one of two or all colours in different quantity.
2. Secondary Colours- When we mix two primary colours, the colour so formed is known as a secondary colour. You can make green colour by mixing blue & yellow, orange by mixing red & yellow and purple by mixing red & blue.
3. Tertiary Colours– When we mix a primary colour with one secondary colour, the colour so formed is popularly known as tertiary colours. Violet is the mixture of Blue (primary colour) and Violet (secondary colour) while Magenta is the mixture of Red (primary colour) and Violet (secondary colour).
Depending on the warmth, colours can be divided into two groups:
1. Warm Colours– Colours that are bold and energetic are known as warm colours. Red, Yellow, Orange and all their shades are part of the warm colour family. These colours attract an individual’s attention much faster than cool colours.
2. Cold Colours– Green, Blue, Violet and all their shades form the cool colour family. These colours are calm and soothing and, allow our mind to feel relaxed after seeing. That is the reason why we feel relaxed when we see greenery or waterfall. Also, these colours can make a place look larger than its actual size.
For redness, acne and rosacea
Green is opposite the color wheel from red, so it’s perfect for hiding any redness on your face, like pimples and acne scars. If you have rosacea, a color correcting green primer will help hide unwanted redness and give you an even base for applying foundation.
#4. CORAL CHEEKS AND TURQUOISE EYELINER
For summery makeup, look no further than this color combo. Bright, coral cheeks are guaranteed to pair beautifully with a swipe of turquoise eyeliner, per the color wheel.
For people with lighter skin tones who have dark circles under their eyes
Pink concealer is usually salmon or peach in tone and is created from a mix of red, orange, and yellow hues. Since these colors are opposite from blue, green, and purple on the wheel, this corrector is best for hiding dark eye circles on lighter skin tones.
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Other Colors Terminology
Color and Hue
Hue: the true color of primary colors mixed together, as well as the secondary and tertiary colors mixed together. These colors are basic and intense. Once you have the basic colors, you can adjust them by adding white or black or gray, changing the brightness and density of the colors. This is how you get pastel and muted colors.
Tint, Shade, Tone
Tint: made by adding white to a pure hue. So if you have an intense purple and add white, you’ll get lavender. If you have a bright orange-red and add white, you’ll get a warm orangey-coral.
Shade: made by adding black to a pure hue. If you have a bright red, and add a touch of black to it, you’ll get a deeper, richer red.
Tone: made by adding gray to a pure hue. Gray is a result of mixing complimentary colors together.
Value: the lightness or darkness of a color, as if on a scale from black to white. For instance, navy is a dark value of blue.
Intensity: (or saturation) is the brightness of a color, or put another way, it’s the force of the color. For example, a full force red or a full intensity red is hard to live with.