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Everything you wanted to know about the EU Blue Card

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Which nations are within the European Union

At the moment the European Union consists of 28 nations:

  • Austria;
  • Belgium;
  • Bulgaria;
  • Nice Britain;
  • Hungary;
  • Germany;
  • Greece;
  • Denmark;
  • Eire;
  • Spain;
  • Italy;
  • Cyprus;
  • Latvia;
  • Lithuania;
  • Luxembourg;
  • Malta;
  • Netherlands;
  • Poland;
  • Portugal;
  • Romania;
  • Slovakia;
  • Slovenia;
  • Finland;
  • France;
  • Croatia;
  • Czech Republic;
  • Sweden;
  • Estonia.

However not all of those states can get a blue card. The UK, Denmark and Eire don’t take part in this system for its issuance, and they don’t plan to enter it but. Due to this fact, even when an EU card is issued to a citizen, it won’t be legitimate in these states.


Phrases of registration and validity of playing cards

The EU card is drawn up for a very long time, and the candidate must be affected person. If he appropriately fills out the paperwork, then the reply could come after 2 – 2.5 months. The utmost interval of receipt is 3 months.

If a constructive resolution is made relating to the supply of a blue card, details about this seems on the web site of the group to which the candidate utilized. If he was denied a blue card, representatives of the migration division will inform the employer, who will independently name or write to the foreigner.

The EU Blue Card might be issued for a most of 4 years. However to ensure that it to be given for this era, the contract with the employer have to be concluded for an extended interval. If a specialist has concluded a contract for lower than 4 years, then the cardboard will probably be issued to him for the interval indicated within the doc plus one other 90 days. A foreigner who has an EU card can theoretically change the group within the first two years. However this may solely be achieved if the migration division provides official consent to this.

How one can submit paperwork to the consulate

On the day of utility, I introduced with me the entire above paperwork with translations and copies – each paperwork and translations. You additionally want a Russian passport – you’re registered with it on the safety submit on the consulate – and 60 euros to pay charges.

The order within the queue on the consulate is dependent upon how early you signed up. I made an appointment for the earliest doable time – 8:30 am. A number of different individuals got here together with me at the moment. Within the ready room, the consular officer introduced the order wherein we must always enter the workplace.

Then I waited till they known as me to the workplace, the place I handed over all of the paperwork (after assuring the translations into Czech in the identical workplace earlier than that). A consular officer could, because it have been, casually ask the place you’re going, why, however this doesn’t seem like an interview – reasonably clarifying questions if one thing is just not clear from the paperwork otherwise you simply wish to speak. There is no such thing as a must prepare for some critical interview, the primary factor is to recollect the title of the employer, the handle of the place the place you’ll dwell, and different basic issues.

Blue card utility. It’s higher to take a accomplished and clear type to rewrite on the spot if an error is discovered

What number of blues are issued by EU nations

To grasp precisely the place you’re anticipated and wherein nation you’ll be able to apply for residence, take a look at the statistics on the issuance of blue playing cards and wage necessities.

Nations that issued probably the most blue playing cards in 2018-2020[1]:

  • Germany – 61439;
  • Poland – 5931;
  • France – 4841;
  • Luxembourg – 1674;
  • Italy – 1091.

Nations that issued the fewest blue playing cards in 2018-2020[3]:

  • Malta – 52;
  • Portugal – 37;
  • Slovakia – 34;
  • Greece – 15;
  • Hungary – 13.

The very best wage necessities are in Austria, Germany, Finland, Sweden and Belgium. And the bottom are in Romania, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria and Latvia[4].

Russia ranked second by way of the variety of residents who obtained a blue card, second solely to India and forward of Ukraine and Turkey. The preferred nations for immigration amongst Russians are Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic.

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Essentially the most demanded professions

Within the context of the worldwide financial disaster, the labor market disaster is sort of comprehensible. Many professions have turn out to be much less in demand. Many specialists are pressured to get different professions.

Nevertheless, this doesn’t apply to all professions. There are a selection of specialists who’re extraordinarily in demand on the European labor market.

All EU nations want specialists within the following industries:

  • Medication. Specialised Medical Specialists Required:
    • anesthesiologists;
    • representatives of high-tech areas of drugs – maxillofacial surgeons, vascular surgeons, cardiologists and different representatives of the surgical fraternity;
    • pharmacists;
    • medical technicians;
    • veterinarians.
  • Jurisprudence:
    • notaries;
    • legal professionals specializing in supporting “car” circumstances;
    • household professionals.
  • Schooling:
    • precise sciences academics.
  • Commerce:
    • gross sales managers.
  • Psychology:
    • psychotherapists;
    • psychologists;
    • psychoanalysts.

It needs to be famous that psychologists who work in varied corporations and enterprises as a way to create a good microclimate within the group and recruit new personnel have gotten more and more well-liked.


  • engineers
  • IT specialists.

Monetary space:

  • monetary analysts;
  • insurance coverage managers.

When you converse a number of international languages, then the potential of getting a job, that’s, signing a contract or an employment settlement, will increase considerably.

It’s polyglot specialists who’re the primary candidates for the EU Blue Card.

It is a basic listing of professions that will probably be in demand in all EU nations in 2023. However this listing could have some additions in every EU nation. In every nation of the European Union, there are some variations within the process for acquiring the EU Blue Card.

Rights of Blue Card holders

The EU nations entice able-bodied residents with respectable wages, the chance to work of their specialty and transfer up the profession ladder.

Blue card holders have the best to:

  • transfer freely throughout the Schengen space (tourism solely);
  • obtain social, financial safety (medical health insurance, unemployment advantages, trip);
  • rely on working circumstances, salaries of the European degree (as for EU residents);
  • summon relations instantly after acquiring permission;
  • apply for everlasting residence, citizenship.

Shut kinfolk (husband, spouse, kids below 18 years previous) obtain daughter playing cards, which give the best to free schooling in instructional establishments, employment. They don’t require proof of language proficiency.

Necessities for candidates

Key positions:

  • lack of EU citizenship;
  • a specialist diploma, grasp’s diploma;
  • fundamental work expertise (besides when the schooling was obtained at an EU college);
  • compliance with the emptiness of the obtained specialty;
  • a legitimate employment contract for a interval of 1 12 months or extra, a preliminary settlement on work;
  • the presence of a passport with a validity interval of a minimum of the length of the contract.

The benefit will probably be information of a number of languages, acquiring a scientific, scientific diploma. Migrants can’t apply for a card in the event that they violated EU legislation, the visa regime.

Not each contract supplies a blue card. Wages have to be above the nationwide common. Most nations have a coefficient of 1.2 or 1.5. The extent of the required wage rises yearly.

Diplomas of state or state-accredited larger instructional establishments are acknowledged as legitimate. Their curriculum have to be according to the curriculum within the chosen nation. Foreigners ship paperwork on schooling for audit to the related division, obtain a conclusion on recognition (not for all specialties). The service is paid.

Some nations subject playing cards to specialists with incomplete larger schooling, a technical faculty diploma. On this case, it’s crucial to supply proof of enough skilled expertise (employment report, accomplished tasks, patents, letter of advice).

The specialty should correspond to the place, but it surely doesn’t need to be precisely the identical. For instance, a basic practitioner could obtain a card if he works within the neurology division.

Fluency within the language of the host nation is just not required. It’s enough to have an excellent information of a number of widespread European languages. However specialists who work with the inhabitants (docs, legal professionals, pharmacists) are required to know the native language.

What does the blue card give

  • Authorized employment in a sought-after occupation. On the identical time, the wage for workers from the EU and from one other nation in the identical place needs to be the identical.
  • Alternative to maneuver the entire household without delay. After a specialist receives a blue card, his household (spouse/husband and kids below 18) is issued a residence allow, which lets you instantly reunite and dwell collectively.
  • Simplified strategy of acquiring everlasting residence and citizenship. If you already know the language and make funds to the pension fund, you’ll be able to apply for everlasting residence sooner – after 33 months, and after 5 years you’ll be able to already get citizenship.
  • Social and financial safety. The cardholder receives medical health insurance, is entitled to unemployment advantages and paid holidays. Kids can research free of charge, and a spouse or husband can enter a college.
  • Visa-free journey. This implies which you could journey all through the EU as a vacationer and never have to fret a few visa.


The blue card helps to shortly get hold of everlasting residence, after which it’s already doable to acquire European citizenship. European residents can construct a enterprise on favorable phrases (decrease tax fee and fewer employment necessities), take part in politics (vote and stand), dwell freely in any EU nation, obtain social assist (advantages for medical companies) and research free of charge in EU universities with extra loyal admission necessities than foreigners.

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Methods to get a blue card

Get a blue card in your nation

  1. Apply for a piece visa if there’s a visa regime between the nation of residence and Germany. A foreigner should get hold of a piece visa earlier than getting into Germany.
  2. Register your German handle. Upon arrival in Germany, the foreigner should register the handle on the nearest registration workplace inside two weeks.
  3. Submit paperwork to the immigration workplace for a blue card.

Get a blue card in Germany

If a foreigner is already in Germany on a long-term visa, then as a way to apply for a blue card, he wants to use to the Federal Workplace for Foreigners or its regional workplace. You need to present a whole bundle of paperwork required for acquiring a blue card. The residence allow will probably be issued inside two to 4 weeks.

German immigration portal – authorities web site for a future immigrant to Germany in Russian. You could find loads of helpful info right here:

  • View present vacancies;
  • Discover out what specialists are in search of in Germany;
  • Take the check and discover out your possibilities of immigration to germany;
  • Seek the advice of the immigration hotline in English or German.

Necessities for the applicant

To use for an EU Blue Card, you have to apply both on-line on the official web site or on the embassy or consulate of the nation wherein you wish to work and which is a part of the European Union. Discover out upfront whether or not this nation helps the EU Blue Card venture.

However earlier than making use of, fastidiously learn the necessities for candidates:

  • You aren’t a citizen of any EU nation;
  • You’ve gotten an schooling with a qualification degree of “specialist” or “grasp”;
  • You’ve gotten written ensures to work within the EU.

The EU Blue Card is a singular alternative for authorized employment within the EU nations within the occupation that you just obtained in an academic establishment of the very best diploma of accreditation, which is able to show you how to obtain monetary stability and independence.

How one can get the cardboard itself

Already within the Czech Republic, you should come to the unit inside three days after arrival MIA on the place of residence and submit paperwork: an employment contract, a doc on housing and insurance coverage. You’ll be booked for the following date to have your picture taken and fingerprints taken.

I acquired a blue card for 15 days. From the second of utility to MIA you’ll be able to formally begin working. The utmost validity of the blue card is 2 years. Then it must be prolonged.